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This is based on my Fedora Core 4 Tips and Tricks page. This page is now pretty much complete. There is also a Fedora Core 6 Tips and Tricks page. Recent changes are highlighted in yellow.
Before you add repositories it's probably a good idea to make sure your system is fully updated first. It's still early but right now the Livna and freshrpms repositories seems to be the most useful. The easiest way to get started is to install the freshrpms-release packages:
# rpm -ihv http://rpm.livna.org/fedora/5/i386/livna-release-5-8.noarch.rpm # rpm -ihv http://ayo.freshrpms.net/fedora/linux/5/i386/RPMS.freshrpms/freshrpms-release-1.1-1.fc.noarch.rpmYou can browse the packages available there at http://rpm.livna.org/fedora/5/i386/ and http://bordeaux.freshrpms.net/. To automatically install/update the Macromedia Flash plug-in copy This File to your /etc/yum.repos.d directory.
# yum -y install xmms-mp3 xmms-faad2 gstreamer-plugins-ugly libmad libid3tagWhile you're here you might as well install my personal favorite (this week at least) music player Banshee:
# yum -y install bansheeThe -y flag is to automatically answer yes to any question. If you want to be able to say no you can ignore that flag.
While you're there I highly recommend the grip CD ripper which supports both MP3 and Ogg formats. Once again installation is quite simple:
# yum -y install grip
# yum -y install flash-pluginYou can get more information about this plug-in at http://macromedia.mplug.org/. Before the plug-in gets installed you'll need to agree to the terms of the license.
There is a problem with fonts not being handled correctly in the current version of the flash plug-in and until Macromedia gets around to fixing the plug-in you'll need to do the following workaround.
# mkdir -p /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fs/ # ln -s /etc/X11/fs/config /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fs/config
# yum -y install xine xine-lib xine-skinsThis will install the xine DVD/VCD/CD player. Now to get xine to automatically play a DVD upon insertion instead of the Totem player which can't actually play DVDs, go to the System -> Preferences -> Removable Drives and Media. Once that comes up select Multimedia Make sure Video DVD Discs is turned on and put in the following for the command:
xine --auto-play --auto-scan dvdDoes anytone know how to automate changes to the Gnome configuration files?
# yum -y --disablerepo=livna install mplayer mplayer-skins mplayer-fonts # yum -y install mplayerplug-in
To prevent potential problems of updates in the Livna repository from messing up the mplayer and mencoder packages add the following line highligted in bold to the file /etc/yum.repos.d/livna.repo :
gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-livna exclude=mplayer* mencoder* [livna-debuginfo]
This command line will download the whole kit and kaboodle. that if you want to play content from a command line that you use the gmplayer version which will include a skin-able control panel. This will install the plug-in to play a wide variety of media within your browser window. Restart your web browser after that whole mess is done installing and you'll also have a plug-in for Mozilla so you can play embedded content. While you're at it be sure to configure mplayer to use the ALSA sound system rather than the default. It just works better. Edit the file ~/.mplayer/config and add the following line:
And finally you'll probably also want some additional codecs to play all that proprietary video that seems to have infected the Internet. Go to the MPlayer Download page and download the essential codes package. You'll need to install those files in /usr/local/lib/win32. Here are the steps. Remember the exact file names may change at some point.
# gtar xjvf essential-20050412.tar.bz2 # mkdir /usr/local/lib/win32 # mv essential-20050412/* /usr/local/lib/win32
# yum -y install videolan-clientOnce the client and a zillion dependencies get installed you can play a huge variety of video formats easy with the command vlc
Before you install the play you'll need to make sure the compat-libstdc++-33 module is installed. Download the RealPlayer10 package from the following location:
RealPlayer10GOLD.rpmBefore you start you'll probably want to get rid of the mostly useless HelixPlayer so they don't get in each other's way. Then install the RPM from the command line:
# rpm -ev HelixPlayer # yum -y install compat-libstdc++-33 # rpm -ihv RealPlayer10GOLD.rpmThe other thing you'll need to do is prevent the
# cd /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins # rm mplayerplug-in-rm.soThen whenever you want to view something just use /usr/bin/realplay . Here is a link to a cute test video to make sure it's working for you.
If audio is working but you have a black screen then it's possible your video card doesn't support XVideo. You can turn it off by clicking on Tools -> Preferences then choose the Hardware tab and disable Use XVideo .
If the video doesn't play properly the first thing to check is to make sure you're not running SElinux, it seems to prevent the RealPlayer from getting access to the drivers. I currently run with SElinux disabled but I recommend you run it in the Targeted mode rather than the most secure mode.
After you've run it the first time and gone through the configuration screens edit the ~/.realplayerrc file and add the following line in the [helix] section of the configuration:
[helix] SoundDriver=2 . .For some reason on my system RealPlayer uses the the old and virtually obsolete OSS sound driver. The line above tells it to use the newer ALSA sound driver instead.
For now there is no easy way to do this but I found the following instructions on FedoraForums.org. Basically, start by downloading the JRE 5.0 Update 6 (at the time I wrote this) from Sun.com. You'll want to grab the Linux RPM in self-extracting file. Then you want to install it with:
# chmod +x jre-1_5_0_06-linux-i586-rpm.bin # ./jre-1_5_0_06-linux-i586-rpm.bin
Then you'll probably want to enable Java Plug-ins and here once again there is no easy way:
# ln -s /usr/java/jre1.5.0_06/plugin/i386/ns7/libjavaplugin_oji.so /usr/lib/mozilla/pluginsAnd finally you'll need to tell Fedora that you wish to use this version of Java as the preferred interpreter rather than the Open Source version that's installed by default. You'll of course need to adjust the full pathname if you install a newer version of the jre than the one in this example:
# /usr/sbin/alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /usr/java/jre1.5.0_06/bin/java 1506 # java -version java version "1.5.0_06" Java(TM) 2 Runtime Environment, Standard Edition (build 1.5.0_06-b05) Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 1.5.0_06-b05, mixed mode, sharing)If you know of an easier way please post it to the Comments section below.
# yum -y install kmod-ntfsThen you can simply mount NTFS file systems. You can find more detailed information about this driver at http://www.linux-ntfs.org/content/view/187/
# yum -y install wine cabextractThen just download the latest script, extract and run it. The example below is based on version 2.0.3, just adjust the version number as necessary. Please note that you will want to install and run this as your own user, NOT as root. I used the defaults except that I installed all the versions of IE. I do some web development and I always find myself needing to resolve some goofy incompatibilites with older versions of IE.
$ gtar xzvf ies4linux-2.0.3.tar.gz $ cd ies4linux-2.0.3 $ ./ies4linux Welcome, greg! I'm IEs4Linux. I can install IE 6, 5.5 and 5.0 for you easily and quickly. You are just four 'enter's away from your IEs. I'll ask you some questions now. Just answer y or n (default answer is the bold one) IE 6 will be installed automatically. Do you want to install IE 5.5 SP2 too? [ y / n ] y . . . IEs 4 Linux installations finished! To run your IEs, type: ie6 ie55 ie5
You can read more about this feature on my Internet Explorer with ActiveX on Linux page. It goes into a little more detail about using IE on Linux.
# wget --referer=http://www.mjmwired.net/resources/mjm-fedora-fc5.html \ http://www.mjmwired.net/resources/files/msttcorefonts-1.3-4.noarch.rpm # rpm -ihv msttcorefonts-1.3-4.noarch.rpm # service xfs restart
# yum -y install bittorrent-gui gnomebaker testdisk
bittorrent-gui - Simple Gnome based BitTorrent client
gnomebaker - GTK based CD/DVD burning utility
testdisk - Two command line utilities to recover lost partitions and undelete files on FAT filesystems. VERY handy for undeleting files on flash memory cards.
Mauriat Miranda's FC5 Installation Guide - Great guide that goes into more depth of selecting options during the installation process. This is also the source of the MS fonts RPM.
Fedora Core 5 Linux Installation Notes - Another great Fedora installation guide. This guide goes into some server related features rather than just desktop features.
Using Linux and Bluetooth DUN on the Treo 650 - A very nice guide to using a Treo 650 phone as a modem with your Linux based PC. It works great for me with one change. Do NOT uncomment the line encrypt enable; as it just won't work for me with encryption enabled with a D-Link DBT-120 and a Treo 650 phone.
FedoraForum - Linux Support Community - This is now the official way to get community support of the Fedora Linux system. There is no official Red Hat mailing list for FC4 any more.
Fedora Multimedia Installation HOWTO - I discovered this great resource after I wrote this. This document goes into more detail than mine so it's a great resource.
The Unofficial Fedora FAQ - Another great guide that should answer most general questions about Fedora. Fedora Core 5 doesn't seem to be addressed there yet but most answers are the same for both FC4 and FC5.
This Fedora Core 5 Tips & Tricks translated into Italian - Thanks to Guido for translating this guide into Italian. Please also urge Guido to choose a better picture of me.
Fedora fc5 on EasyLinux.info - Yet another guide. The thing I love about Linux is that you can solve any problem a number of different ways. That includes these tips guides, everyone has a different way. Different strokes for different folks.
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|The comments section below is only for comments, suggestions or corrections for this guide only. Please do not use this for general Fedora/Linux support. If you do require support for something other than what's described here I recommend using Fedora Forums.|
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